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mightyZAP, the micro linear servo actuating solution for the era of the 4th industrial revolution

What Cushions the Ends of Bones at Their Joints: An In-Depth Look

Digital Archive

Main Features

Current Control / Current Feedback

  • Stall Force and current control based on current feedback
  • Current feedback allows detection of objects and obstacles
  • Possible to maintain constant force for a certain time (Applicable to Gripper, etc.)

Precision position & Dynamic speed control

  • 30~50μm Unidirectional repeatability & Position feedback (Varied by each stroke version. See spec chart.)
  • Absolute position sensing via Potentiometer (No Calibration needed)
  • 32Bit Micro controller, High resolution (4096) A/D converter
  • 1000 steps dynamic speed control (Fastest speed is default.)

Durability & Safety

  • Longer durability compared to the 12Lf series by applying a 17mm diameter 12V coreless motor
  • Metal alloy rod
  • Engineering plastic case (27mm stroke version)
  • Aluminum stroke case & engineering plastic motor case (37mm/50mm/87mm/)*
  • Current control allowing longer life cycle & safer control
  • Life-cycle Reference Data is on our website (Under 50% duty cycle recommended)
  • Vertical (Z axis) use is possible due to mechanical Self-lock 
    (Certain models are not applicable, see the model chart)
  • Smart overload protection by calculation of cumulative current
  • LED indicator shows voltage/overload error status and also shows simple circuit damage diagnosis


  • Compact size for space constraints
  • Hassle-free, Built-in drive circuitor
  • Daisy chain serial connection between servos
  • Improved user expandability by 4 x Expansion I/O ports (control without coding is available)
  • Various mounting solutions
  • Detachable and 90° rotatable hinge design (Patented)
  • Dedicated PC Software (Parameter setting & simple motion testing) and PC USB Interface (IR-USB02 or 03) available (Optional)
  • LED Error indicator and MODBUS communication error code
  • Paired with various controller types
    (PC / PLC / Arduino / Rasberry-Pi / RC Controller / Dedicated embedded board etc.)

Variety and Line-Up

  • Various Stroke options (27mm, 37mm, 50mm, 87mm)*
  • Various Rated Load options (17 ~ 70N)
  • Various Speed options (28 to 117mm/s at No load condition)
  • RS-485 data communication (4pins)
  • Modbus RTU Protocol (IR Open protocol is not available)
  • PWM and TTL to be added later
  • Customization is actively available
    * Can be extended up to 30mm/40mm/53mm/90mm through IR-USB02 or USB03, respectively.


  • Medical device and Lab equipment
  • Kiosk machines
  • Robotics
  • Automation (Factory / Home / Agriculture etc)
  • Production and inspection jigs
  • UAV (Fixed wing / Helicopter / Multicopter etc)
  • DYI, Education, Hobby, etc

Common Specifications

Repeatability Stroke Unidirectional
27mm / 37mm 30μm(0.03mm)
50mm 40μm(0.04mm)
87mm 50μm(0.05mm)
Mechanical Backlash 0.03mm(30μm)
Rod Type Metal Alloy Rod
Motor Type Coreless DC (17mm diameter)
Rated Voltage 12V
Motor Watt 3.8W
Recommended Duty Cycle At Rated Load At Max Applicable Load
Max 50% Max 20%
Current Accuracy ±15%at Over 50mA
Position Sensor 10KΩlinear Potentiometer
Input Voltage Range 7 ~13V (Rated 12VDC)
Current Consumption Idle Rated Stall
Default MAX
Under 30mA  400mA 800mA 1600mA
Audible Noise Approx. 50db at 1m
LED Indication Two Errors Indications (Input voltage, Overload)
Communication Method / Protocol RS-485 / MODBUS RTU (IR Open protocol is not supported)
Expoansion I/O Port 4 Ports (Function : Switch, JOG, Action Enable, Force Off, PAUSE, STOP, RESTART, Alarm OUT)
Ingress Protection IP-54(Dust & Water Tight)
/ Wight (Dimension
excluding the rod-end tip
and hinge)
27mm 57.5×40.6x23mm / 65.5g
37mm 86.8×57.9x23mm / 113.5g
50mm 111.5×57.9x23mm / 140g
87mm 151.5×57.9x23mm / 188g
Operating Temperature -10℃~ 60℃
Wire Harness Comm./Power RS-485 Molex to Molex Type(Molex 510650400, 4pins) / 200mm length, 0.08×60(22AWG)
I/O Port I/O Port Wire harness : Molex 510210500, 5pins / 200mm length, 0.16 x 7 (26AWG)


Standard Accessories

mightyZAP Manager SOFTWARE

Optional Accessories

Our bones are keramin vaistai a crucial component of our skeletal system, providing assistance, framework, and also protection for our bodies. At the joints where bones satisfy, it is necessary to have a cushioning mechanism to prevent rubbing, take in shock, and also enable smooth activity. This article explores the complex globe of joint padding and also explores the principal components that secure completions of bones at their joints.

The Role of Cartilage material

Among the crucial elements responsible for supporting the ends of bones at their joints is cartilage. Cartilage is a firm, versatile, as well as smooth cells that covers the ends of bones where they fulfill to create a joint. This rubbery tissue functions as a shock absorber, lowering the influence on the bones throughout movement. It additionally allows for smooth sliding of the joint surfaces, lessening rubbing and wear.

There are 3 major kinds of cartilage material discovered in our bodies:

  • Hyaline Cartilage: This kind of cartilage is the most common and also can be found in the joints, ribcage, respiratory system passages, as well as the pointer of our nose. It provides a low-friction surface that allows bones to relocate openly without excessive deterioration.
  • Elastic Cartilage: Elastic cartilage material is extra versatile than hyaline cartilage material due to its higher focus of flexible fibers. It is found in our ears and also certain parts of the respiratory system, supplying both structural assistance and also flexibility.
  • Fibrocartilage: Fibrocartilage is the hardest kind of cartilage material and also is discovered in locations that need extra support and also shock absorption, such as the intervertebral discs in our spine and also the knee joint. It has a high density of collagen fibers, making it incredibly resistant.

Synovial Fluid as well as Joint Lubrication

Along with cartilage material, synovial fluid plays a crucial function in supporting completions of bones at their joints. Synovial fluid is a thick, thick liquid that works as a lubricant and also shock absorber within the joint cavity. It is created by the synovial membrane, which lines the inner surface of the joint pill.

The primary function of synovial fluid is to reduce friction in between the articular cartilage surface areas, permitting smooth as well as pain-free motion. It additionally assists disperse nutrients to the cartilage and also gets rid of waste items, contributing to the general wellness and upkeep of the joint.

The composition of synovial liquid consists of hyaluronic acid, which offers viscosity, lubricin, which minimizes rubbing, and also numerous healthy proteins and electrolytes that contribute to its overall function. The equilibrium and top quality of synovial fluid are critical for optimal joint efficiency and also padding.

Menisci: Enhancing Cushioning in Particular Joints

While cartilage as well as synovial liquid are important padding mechanisms, some joints have actually additional frameworks called curves. Menisci are crescent-shaped cartilaginous structures discovered in specific joints, working as shock absorbers and giving security to the joint.

One of the most widely known menisci are the median and side curves discovered in the knee joint. These C-shaped discs of fibrocartilage assistance distribute weight and also soak up shock, minimizing pressure on the articular surface areas of the knee joint. They likewise boost joint stability, preventing excessive movement and also prospective injuries.

Menisci are not special to the knee joint. A few other joints, such as the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in the jaw as well as the sternoclavicular joint in the shoulder, additionally have menisci-like structures that improve cushioning as well as security.

The Importance of Maintaining Joint Wellness

Cushioning the ends of bones at their joints is crucial for preserving joint health and wellness and protecting against conditions such as osteoarthritis, which occurs when the protective cartilage material wears down in time. Caring for your joints with correct nourishment, routine exercise, and staying ottomax για εμβοες clear of too much stress and anxiety can aid maintain the integrity and also functionality of these necessary cushioning devices.

  • A well balanced diet abundant in nutrients like calcium, vitamin D, as well as omega-3 fatty acids sustains cartilage material health.
  • Regular exercise assists enhance the muscle mass around the joints, offering security and also minimizing the lots on the cartilage.
  • Staying clear of repeated influence as well as extreme joint loading can assist protect against premature deterioration.
  • Seeking clinical attention for joint pain or discomfort is important to deal with any kind of underlying concerns as well as prevent more damage.

To conclude

Cartilage, synovial liquid, and curves play significant functions in cushioning the ends of bones at their joints. These cushioning systems reduce friction, absorb shock, and also assist in smooth activity. By recognizing the value of these frameworks and taking aggressive steps to maintain joint health, we can promote optimal functionality as well as long life of our joints.

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